Kenya is usually a arid country; more than 75% of the country’s land is actually classed as arid or semi-arid with only around 20% as meant for farming. Away from the coast, rains and even temperatures are usually closely linked with altitude variations, combined with differences caused by area topography.
Normally the temperature is going to be quite hot and humid along the seacoast, cold and damp in the central highlands, and hot as well as desert like within the north as well as for the east. Over most of the country, the rains is strongly in season, even while its sequence, timing as well as amount are different considerably from region to area and for year to year.
All of the fairly wet coastal belt over the Indian Ocean experiences 1,000 millimeters or even more water annually. Lots of the rainy season runs right from April on to July caused by the the strong monsoon.One more rainy belt is within the Lake Victoria area and its neighboring scarps and then high aeas, typically caused by wet west winds blowing from the Atlantic Ocean and the Congo basin area. The rainy season runs through March to November.
The specific upland plateau near the lake areas, receives the rains predominantly in March-May and also JulytoSeptember. In the central highlands, you will find a bimodal rainfall model, with rainy periods during MarchandMay as well as OctoberandDecember.
Rainfall is high in most parts around November as well as April. About 30% of the region may be regarded to as semi-desert, with rainfall averaging less than 300 millimeters each year and notably evaporation normally significant at 3,000 mm.
Excluding all the coast plus Lake Victoria basin, altitude stands out as the main factor for precipitation. The higher regions from the central Kenya highlands normally enjoy good rainfall, gettin to 2,000 mm every year in regions around Mau Escarpment.
Variations with warmth change incredibly with height. Frost occurs more often at 3,000 m and in some instances below to around 2,400 m, also there is permanent glaciers as well as ice on top of Mt. Kenya for 5,200 meters. The warmest regions actually are in the arid northeast, and west of Lake Turkana, which has temperatures at 34 C.