Zambia is among Africa’s fastest developing economies a trend best emulated it high number of tourists which increasingly visits the country annually to explore it’s different tourist site. this amazing country for long has been known to have great fertile soils, a peaceful history, the spectacular Victoria Falls which are among the natural wonders in the world, the beautiful River Zambezi as well as a wealth of amazing activities that can be enjoyed during your holiday, ranking it among the best tourist destinations on the African continent.
The country has a number of vibrant major towns such as Livingston which has gained a reputation of offering extreme sport activities trying to rival a number of renowned tourist towns across the African continent like Uganda’s Jinja town and Namibia’s Swakopmund town.
Below we have brought you a highlight some of the best places to visit and top activities to engage in during your visit to Zambia
Best places to visit in Zambia
- The Victoria Falls
Any tour to Zambia can only be considered complete with a visit to the legendary Victoria Falls. They are among the seven natural wonders of the world and among the most breathtaking spectacles on the African continent. This beautiful waterfall forms the geographical border between Zimbabwe and Zambia and is found on the mighty Zambezi River. This is the only widest single waterfall found in the world covering a width of one (1) kilometer and makes a drop of more than 100 meters below. This is the widest curtain of falling water on Earth. The falls can be easily accessed from Lusaka town and make a good option for a day tour activity.
- Lusaka National Park
The newest yet smallest National Park in Zambia is situated 30 kilometers from Lusaka City and it is known as the Lusaka national park. due to its close proximity to the city it is a good place to enjoy a day trip where you will enjoy views of a large variety wild animals including the White rhino, the blue wildebeests, elands, zebras, giraffes among many others that roam freely in the different habitats that includes lakes, forests and rivers. There are different Safari activities you can enjoy here including a guided lion walk, abseiling and bungee jumping for the extreme adventurers
- Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park
The Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park also known as the ‘smoke which thunders’ is home to one of the most fascinating and must visit sections of the well-known Victoria Falls. This is the second largest waterfall in the whole world and doing give visit you will surely understand why it was given the status of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. Many tourists from different parts of the world visit this place to see the breathtaking beauty of the water splash from the falls as well as get an opportunity to see some of the different wildlife that lives within this area such as the white rhinos, zebras, giraffes and elephants that visit occasionally. You will also get a chance to walk on the narrow platforms found along what is referred to as the ‘knife-edge bridge’ that beautifully arches over the powerful waterfalls.
- Sindabezi Island
Zimbabwe is mainly visited for its powerful Victoria Falls; however you can choose to instead spend some intimate time at the small private Sindabezi Island where you will get an opportunity to enjoy un interrupted views of the spectacular Zambezi flood plains as well as mosi O Tunya National Park. The island has a unique platform that floats in the middle of the river when guests can enjoy their meals. It offers an intimate getaway from the rest of busy and noisy Zambia and can only be accessed by a boat.
The beautiful town of siavonga is found on the lower shores of the beautiful Lake Kariba in a stretch of acacia trees, Forest figs and rosewoods and it has evolved to be one of the leading holidays sites across Zambia. The town offers very amazing accommodation options plus a number of cafes and terraces that overlook the water below. The horizon is comprised of several rising hilltops and a stretch of water interrupted with distant boats. because it found close to the lake, it offers beautiful beaches and amazing walking trails in addition to different water sport activities carried out here.
- Lake Kashiba
The sunken lakes of kashiba are some of the most unusual types of lakes found in Zambia. Formed through limestone erosion that resulted in to tiny holes that were eventually filled with water, these lakes are found within Mpongwe town in Copperbelt province. The water within these lakes is extremely clear and you can easily see the fish swimming. The bluish color of the lake emphasizes its beauty and offers an impression of a very large natural swimming pool. it is estimated that the lake is 100 meters deep although this information is not certified. Several legends surround the history of this lake among which is the presence of a monster referred to as’isoka ikulu’ / ‘ichitapa.
- Kalimba reptile Park
Visit the Kalimba reptile Park and explore the amazing reptilian life found in Zambia. This park is home to a number of different reptiles including various native snakes, the small nose crocodiles, and tortoises amongst many others. The guides will give you an extensive tour of the place as they teach you about the different reptiles leaving in this place. This is among the places you can visit as a family especially when you are on holiday with your kids and the site is located just 20 km north east from the town of Lusaka.
- South Luangwa to see the big five
The amazing south Luangwa National Park is one of the best places to visit and see the African big 5 animals that include Lions, buffaloes, rhinos, elephant and the cheetahs. Unique about this park is that back in the 1950s this is where the idea of exploring the African wilderness on foot was initiated in the country. Today walking safaris have become a popular and much loved tourist activity across Zambia and can be done in lower Zambezi, the Kafue as well as Luambe.
Such expedition within this National Park will give you a thrilling experience as you explore the African wilderness. Also the park offers very knowledgeable and highly experienced guides who will give you a detailed insight of the wildlife and ecosystems of the park.
- Namwane Art Gallery
This beautiful art gallery offers excellent pieces that are well laid out which were created by different Zambian artists plus other artists from across Africa. You will find a permanent collection of poetry, sculptures and paintings displayed here. It’s alleged that a number of paintings found in this art gallery where made back in the time of kawunda, and exhibits dancers welcoming the then president of the country at the airport. You will find some of the finest art works in the country here and for art-lovers this gallery should not be missed during your visit in the country
- Luiwa plains to see the second largest wildebeest migration
Besides the well-known wildebeest migration that takes place between Serengeti and the Masai Mara of East Africa, a visit to the Luiwa plains which are actually found close to the urban parts the country will give you an opportunity to see the second largest migration of wildebeest the African continent. it is a very thrilling experience to see the animals march in their great Glory across these golden plains every year from the month of November to July when they gather around King Lewanika lodge found in the southern part of the park where tourists can easily see thousands of these animals all together.
- The Zambia National museum
The national museum offers visitors an insight of the history of this country through its exhibits of art, ethnography and witchcraft. it brings to mind the unique history of Zambia. You will get a chance to learn about and the different ceremonies which were established by tribal traditional witch-doctor as well as the superstitious rituals as you read the well detailed text descriptions and observe the paintings as well as sculptures made by the artists in the country. The freedom statue which is a display of a man breaking his own chains symbolizes Zambia struggle for its independence can also be seen here. There is so much to learn from this museum making it a good place to have an educational tour for students or even holidaymakers traveling with kids on a family Safari
- Lower Zambezi Nation Park
The lower Zambezi National Park does not have as many wild animals or a great diversity of wildlife as it is with majority of the National Parks in the country however its pristine wilderness offers holidaymakers an opportunity to experience its undisturbed African bush. Although the national park covers a wide area, during the dry season the resident animals congregate around the lower valleys where they can drink some water. Some of the animals that can be seen here include leopards, lions as well as elephants which are normally seen close to the rim of the river. During your visit you can enjoy game drives on the valley floor or canoe rides on River Chongwe.
- The Cathedral of the Holy Cross
A spectacular cathedral of the Holy Cross that overlooks Lusaka City was constructed in 1962 and since its completion it has served as a shrine for national prayers and consideration very large numbers of locals gathering here for national prayers. Through its aesthetic architecture style and design, you could think that it was constructed back in the 1950s in order to make it complement its neighboring parks. Services are conducted every Sunday at the cathedral and tourists are allowed to visit. This cathedral is one of the most renowned landmarks within Lusaka town.
- Lilayi Elephant Nursery to see baby elephants
One of the most fascinating things to do in Lusaka town is visiting this amazing elephant nursery which is situated in the same vicinity with Lilayi lodge. The Lilayi elephant nursery is situated five (5) km from Lusaka and it’s managed and controlled by the game ranger international who have devoted their services to rescue and rehabilitate baby elephants. majority of the animals found here orphaned because of poaching and after they are rescued they stay at this nursery for 3 years before being transferred to yet another rehabilitation center where they will stay for another fifteen (15) years. When the elephants become 15 years old it is assumed that they are old enough to survive the wild so they are reintroduced back into the bushes.
The nursery covers a wide area and has several trees plus vendant vegetation offering the elephants a sense that they are in a natural environment. Each day from 11:30 a.m. until 1 p.m. they are brought to the viewing area where visitors can watch them feed and play about.
- Blue lagoon National Park
from November to the month of April when the country is experiencing its rainy season, the kafue plains become waterlogged transforming into a submerged water wonderland with acacia trees and it’s referred to as the blue lagoon National Park. Unlike other famous and commonly visited national parks such as South Luangwa and kafue, the blue lagoon receives fewer visitors offering a less crowded Safari experience and a good opportunity to see different bird species. This national park has one of the highest diversity of bird species in the country and animals like the aquatic kafue can be seen here.
- The Devil’s Pool
The devil’s pool is found on Livingstone Island on the top of the Victoria Falls and presents holidaymakers an opportunity to swim close to the second highest waterfall in the world. the only protection standing between the 100 meter deep waterfall and the swimmers are a couple of submerged rocks. This is quite a thrilling adventure and can only be taken by those who are not faint-hearted.
- Lusaka City market
With in Lusaka town is a vibrant marketplace found near to the train station where several local farmers converge to sell their produce that includes a diversity fruits, vegetables and grains. This vibrant marketplace which is filled with several local people also offers other items for sale including clothing and makes a good option to try out your skills at bargaining. It is also a good place to meet and see the street life the local Zambian people as they go about their day to day trade.
- Zambezi River
The spectacular mighty River Zambezi makes its way through six (6) different countries on the African continent including Zambia offering very spectacular sights that should not be missed by any holidaymaker. Because of its great might several tourists from different parts of the world especially those that enjoy extreme water adventures visit this river. The Zambezi River is the forth longest river on the African continent.
It is on this River that the great Victoria Falls are found which serves as a boundary between middle Zambezi and the upper Zambezi. From the waterfall the river continues down to the boiling point flowing through the slim Dakota Gorge where different water activities like white water rafting, River boating and kayaking are carried out.
- Parays Game Ranch
Parays Game Ranch offers holidaymakers a chance to get up close with the different wildlife found in the country. During your visit you will get a chance to explore this place in a four-wheel drive vehicle and see the different animals such as zebras and boars in addition to the white lions which are the highlight attraction at the wildlife Ranch. This is a good option for holidaymakers traveling as a family as well, and at the end of your day’s adventure you can enjoy some tasty barbeque bush meat.
- Samfya Beach
In the northern part of Zambia within Luapula province is the breathtaking Lake Bangweulu whose name means ‘a place where the water meets the skies’. The beautiful Waters of this Lake are far-reaching beyond the eyes reach and disappear over the horizon, spectacularly blending with the color of the skies to offer a very unique sight.
on the southwestern shores of lake Bangweulu is the Samfya Beach that offers its visitors white fine sand to explore and its is one among the very few of such beaches found in the country. Although it is quite a distance from the capital city of Zambia – Lusaka about 700 kilometers; it is worth a visit and you will find a variety of good accommodation facilities close to the waterfront where persons interested in spending a night or more can stay.
- Kwabata cultural village for souvenir shopping
This cultural village is among the traditional themed trading centers found in the country whose roofs are thatched with grass. The village has more than 75 resident artists coming from all the different provinces found within the country who make different pieces including traditionally designed beautiful fabric, drums, colorful woven baskets, wooden carvings, masks and bijou. There are also live performances carried out in this place to entertain the guests. during your visit you will get a unique opportunity to see each of these people practically putting their art skill to work.
- Nyika Plateau National Park
The Nyika Plateau National Park is found on the easternmost part of the country close to the border of Zambia with Malawi, and it is among the highest points across the country. when you visit you will enjoy breathtaking views from high plateau across the valleys, the undulating green hills, the beautiful slopes covered with wildflowers, rocky outcrops, see tiny stretches of tropical forests within the valleys and grasslands. The park is home to different animals among which are the red duiker, zebras and elephants. The park can only be accessed from the Malawi side where in fact all the accommodation can be found.
- Chaminuka Game Reserve
The game reserve is found up on a hill and overlooks Lake Chitoka. It is a good option for holidaymakers not only interested in wildlife viewing but also looking forward to experiencing the unique culture of the Zambian people. This park is home to a variety of different species of mammals, about 300 types of birds as well as different reptiles. it is situated approximately twenty five (25) kilometers from Lusaka town. Some of the wild animals that can be seen during your adventure here include giraffes, cheetahs, lions, elephants, hyenas and not to forget the ostriches. There is a variety of activities you can engage in here ranging from game dives in four-wheel drive Jeeps, boat rides on the lake as well as walking safaris. One of the highlights recorded here especially for wildlife lovers is seeing the speedy cheetahs. There is also a good restaurant on site where you can enjoy some of the local foods of the Zambian people
- Nembo Scenic Park
The nembo scenic park covers an area of about 47000 square meters and its boundaries mirror the actual map of Zambia and it is found only five kilometers from the center of a city. This is a good place to enjoy a day tour especially if you are traveling with your family. There is a beautiful waterfall as well as a lake to see among many other things.
Things to do in Zambia
- White water rafting
Today White water rafting has become one of the fastest-growing and much-loved tourist activities in the country and the Bakota Gorge is known as one of the leading rafting destinations in the world combining twenty three (23) sets of rapids that offer different rafting options for rafters irrespective of whether you are a learner or an expert.
- Catch tiger fish on the lower Zambezi
The tiger fish is regarded among the most fearsome types of fish in Africa and being able to catch one is a dream come true for many anglers internationally. the lower Zambezi National Park especially in the hotter months that begin in August to November is one of the best places to make such a catch. During this adventure you will also get an opportunity to see a number of crocodiles lazily basking in the sun.
- Canoeing Safari
Along the quietest ridge on the upper Zambezi River you will be able to enjoy a relaxing canoe ride as you watch the different birds and vegetation on the river banks of the slow flowing section of the river. it is a very peaceful and quiet experience highly recommended for holidaymakers seeking a relaxing thing to do on your Safari
At the Bakota Gorge is a steep rock face that overlooks the scenic surrounding close to the Victoria Falls and here holidaymakers interested in exploring heights will get a chance to trek through the forest and access this site for a great abseiling experience
- Hot Air Balloon Ride In Kafue National Park
Hot air balloon rides are not a common activity that can be enjoyed in different parts of the country however for those of you interested in enjoying an aerial view of the beautiful plains and see different animals such as zebras and wildebeests plus various antelopes such an adventure is highly recommended. In Kafue National Park the hot air balloon launches in the Busanga plains and if lucky you might even catch sight of a lion stalking through the grass for prey.
- Bungee Jumping
For the fearless and those looking forward to some bit of adrenaline rush, bungee jumping is the most recommended activity to do. Throw yourself out into the air and freely fall up from Victoria Falls and make a drop of 110 meters. this is one of the most loved bungee jumping sites across the African continent
- Mobile Walking Safaris
The undisturbed African wilderness found within Zambia is pristine and very wild offering an authentic mobile walking Safari experience. You will be able to enjoy an up close experience with Mother Nature and you will be moving around with a support crew so there will be no need for you to carry your personal equipment.
- Take a helicopter flight over the Victoria Falls
Also referred to as the flight of Angels; during your visit in Zambia you can choose to watch the powerful Victoria Falls from above as you take a lifetime experience flying in the helicopter. Such an adventure not only rewards you with breathtaking views but is perfect especially for those on photographic safari
- Go Bird Watching Safaris
More than 770 bird species have been recorded within Zambia, and looking at a luangwa valley alone, there are 450 different types of birds whereas Lochinvar National Park has 428 species. All the different birding sites have very knowledgeable guides who will lead you on these birding adventures however, don’t forget to carry your zooming lens and binoculars.
- Gorge Swinging
The Bakota Gorge is the place where you will get an opportunity to fly like a Bird on a high wire. This is the first commercial wire offering such an adventure in the whole world. You will be able to strap your body in very strong harness and the highly-skilled and experienced team will be able to guide you on how to enjoy this thrilling activity
- Guided Game Viewing Safaris
One of the most traditional and easiest ways of viewing wildlife across Africa is going on a guided game viewing Safari. there are various national parks found across the country, so with a well experienced and highly skilled guide leading you on your safari expedition, he / she will be able to share their with you their vast knowledge about the wildlife and their habitants. fortunately majority of the safari guides double as drivers so they will also help you make your way to the best game viewing sites; therefore, all you have to do is sit back and enjoy the adventure as they guide you.
- Enjoy a Horseback Riding Tour
besides the ordinary game drives conducted across Africa, Zambia offers holidaymakers a unique opportunity to sit on horseback and explore the beautiful wilderness, cross rivers and water streams and actually get up close with mother nature as you camp on the banks of the river for you overnight. Such adventures are best recommended for nature lovers. There are half day tours and full day tours as well as those that take a couple of days
- Photographic safaris
For persons interested in wildlife photography the great abundance of wildlife coupled with its vibrant colors and great dynamic nature make Zambia one of the best place to have such a kind of safari in Africa. The country has a number of tour operators who have specialized in organizing photographic safaris so simply make adequate research and visit this country soon
The mighty Zambezi River right below the Victoria Falls offers a great experience for persons interested in kayaking adventures
Holidaymakers interested in visiting the golf club houses irrespective of whether you are on business or on a tourist visit. Zambia has very beautiful golfing grounds where you can enjoy amazing games.
- Take a walk with the Lions
Wildlife lovers have a great opportunity to get close with the lion also known as the king of the jungle while on Safari in Zambia. Led by the experienced guides you will get an opportunity to move through the wilderness as you walk besides a pride of lively adolescent lions. I believe such an experience has never crossed many people’s minds however Zambia will make this a reality for you
- River boarding
Spare time and experience the thrilling plunge through the rapids on river Zambezi as you surfboard some of the largest river waves in the world.
- Guided Elephant Back Rides
in Zambia riding elephants is carried out within Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park and these tours take a couple of hours. This National Park is found within Livingston area and the safaris begin very early in the morning or in the late afternoon.
- Clay Pigeon Shooting
While visiting the town of Lusaka try your shooting skill at the clay pigeon shooting range where you will use a shotgun or even a rifle to practice your aim and accuracy to shoot a clay disc. This activity has been tailored for all ages and you don’t need any experience as there is a great team of highly qualified staff to train and guide you.
- Take a Microlight flight over the Victoria Falls
Another standard activity much-loved by holidaymakers that visit Zambia is taking a microlight flight over the wide Victoria Falls. You will get a chance to immerse in the power of the dropping waterfall with a spray of water rising all over you yet with the beautiful sun shining in your face. It is a very unique adventure experience.
- Sleep under the stars in the South Luangwa
For the more adventurous holidaymaker seeking what to do in Zambia, we suggest that you take a safari and spend the nights sleeping under the starlit sky on the sand-floor of the Luwi River within the South Luangwa. During such these adventurous sleep-outs, together with your safari guide, you will spend the nights out under a mozzie net with a campfire and enjoy the ecstasy of being in the heart of nature.
Frequently Asked Questions on Zambia
We have compiled a number of frequently asked questions about visiting Zambia that we believe will help you better understand the destination as well as prepare for your visit.
How do I get to Zambia?
there are a number of international airports found in the country such as the Kenneth Kaunda International Airport found approximately 14 kilometers from Lusaka, and it is the major gateway of the country being served by a number of direct flights despite the fact that also a large number of travelers arrive here through Johannesburg. There is also the Harry Mwanga Nkuba International airport found in Livingstone which is about a kilometer from the renowned Victoria Falls.
Do I need travel insurance when going to Zambia?
Travel insurance is a good thing to acquire when visiting all parts of the world however we recommend that you get on that medical repatriation, cutting short of your visit and cancellation. That will give rest knowing that you won’t lose money especially if you are faced by a situation that may result in you canceling your trip or cutting it short.
Make a comprehensive research before finally zeroing down to an insurance cover to take. Ensure that it covers all the different activities you will be engaging in such as horse riding, walking, canoeing, trekking, bungee jumping and rafting. it is a good practice to make copies of your travel insurance details so that you carry a copy with you wherever you are going.
Do I need to get a visa to enter Zambia?
Well the answer to whether you need a visa or not to enter Zambia will depend on the citizenship of your passports. Persons who are citizens of the UAE EU, US and Canada are required to have a visa. There are a number of nationalities who can acquire the visas on arrival while others are necessitated o get them prior to their travel. Because the visa requirements keep on changing, we recommend that you inquire with the embassy back in your local country. This can always change, and you should check with your local embassy before travel.
It is always important to have the appropriate currency in case you are obtaining your visa on arrival (the US dollar is allowed), and in case your safari itineraries includes crossing boundaries to the neighboring countries, you will also be required to get a visa for those countries as well. in case you are going to visit the section of the Victoria Falls on the Zimbabwe side as well, then you will be required to obtain a KAZA uni-visa. This uni-visa was introduced at the end of 2016 for people traveling between Zambia, Zimbabwe and day trips to Botswana. Currently, the KAZA UNIVISA is valid for thirty (30) days and costs US $50 (fifty US Dollars). This visa can be obtained from the international airports in Livingstone and Lusafa, as well as at the country border with Zimbabwe in Livingstone and at the border with Botswana at Kazungula.
it is important that you should have a minimum of two (2) blank consecutive side by side pages in your passport as failure to have enough space in your passport may result in you being denied entry to the country. Each passport should be valid for at least six months from the date of your intended date of departure from the country.
Do I need any vaccinations before visiting Zambia?
We recommend that you consult with your physician back in your home country before traveling in Zambia so that they can recommend the necessary vaccinations that you will need for your travel. Also check on the embassy website for any updates regarding vaccinations required to enter Zambia prior to your travel.
Nonetheless, some of the recommended vaccines for people traveling to Africa include: yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid and a tetanus shot. Measles –rubella, diphtheria and polio are among the recommended immunizations
Do I need to take malaria tablets?
Malaria is common throughout Zambia and for that reason we do advise that you take anti-malaria tablets. Please visit your medical advisor prior to your visit and share with him your travel plans so that he can give you all the necessary medical advise and prescribe any necessary medication. It is important that you have all you medication well labeled and carry a copy of the doctor’s prescription for you to avoid any disturbances.
How to avoid Malaria
Take you malaria prophylaxis as recommended by the doctor
Use an insect repellent or wear long sleeved shirts and trousers o avoid bite
Always sleep under a mosquito net.
Are travellers cheques used in Zambia?
Yes, hotels within the major cities accept Travellers’ cheques, however it is not highly recommended because is they require a lot of time to have them changed.
Are credit cards acceptable in Zambia?
Yes, all the popular credit cards used in internationally are allowed in the major cities and towns across Zambia. There are also several ATM machines found across the country to enable you easily access cash. Major hotels and lodges accept credit cards.
Visa and MasterCard are widely used whereas American Express and Diners Club are not commonly used. Please keep in mind that a number of safari lodges and camps are located in very remote areas so credit cards will not be acceptable.
What currency is acceptable in Zambia?
The Kwacha (KR) is the local currency used within Zambia for domestic transactions as well as tax clearance. In case you have foreign currency like Euros, USD, and Sterling, you can exchange these currencies either at the airport, or at the bureau de change. Keep in mind the only new dollar notes (‘big head’ dollars) are accepted.
Can I have my Laundry done in Zambia?
Yes, majority of the hotels and camps offer laundry services especially if you have enough time to get it dried and ironed. Normally a small fee is levied for this service although there are some few properties that offer it for free. For that reason, we recommend that you consult at the concierge to get more details about this service at your accommodation.
Is English spoken in Zambia?
Used in commerce and in schools, English is the official language in Zambia and it is commonly used in schools and for trade and commerce as well as in the hospitality business, nonetheless, Nyanja as well as Bemba are the most prevalently spoken local languages in the country. Although it is not mandatory, you can lean a word or two in the local language and it will be highly appreciated.
Is tipping mandatory in Zambia
In Zambia, Tipping entirely depends on the discretion of the guests since it is not mandatory, however the locals will gladly receive it. Below are some guidelines you can follow when tipping
Rangers and trackers: US $10 per person per day
Lodge staff: US $5
porters: US $3 per movement per person
Airport driver: US$10
Safari guide: US $10 per person per day
Restaurant staff: a 10% customary service charge of your total bill is included.
How to get around Zambia?
In Zambia there a number of charter flights connecting from the international airports and between the small airport closes to the major tourist destinations such as to Kafue National Parks, South Luangwa and Lower Zambezi. This makes it easier to access the remote areas especially where the road infrastructure is not well developed. Tour operators also offer road transport in well serviced four wheel drive vehicles.
Is there luggage restriction for charter flights in Zambia?
Zambia is considered to be one of the countries that is very strict regarding luggage restriction for its internal flights. Each person is given a limit of 12 kilograms and only soft bags are allowed onboard.
What to Pack on your safari in Zambia?
As you are packing for a safari to Zambia, we highly recommend that you pack light-weight clothing that are breathable and preferably in natural colors of khaki, brown and grey when going on game drives and avoid colors that easily catch dust especially white
For the early mornings and evenings you will need to layer up with a warm jacket, a sweater or scarf since they are really cold.
Hat or cap with a wide brim to protect your face from the sun
Sunglasses, insect repellent, toiletries and a small personal first aid box
Comfortable walking shoes
A rain coat especially for the rainy months
Trousers / pants and long sleeved shirts to protect you against insect bites especially when going in the national parks
Ladies are in a special way advised to wear clothes that do not expose too much flesh. Keep in mind that the country is generally conservative especially in terms of fashion so wear clothing that cover up to the knee height.
What is the best Time to Visit Zambia?
Being a sub-tropical climate country, Zambia’s weather can best be defined as wet season and dry season instead of the more familiar winter and summer
Zambia’s dry season
This starts in May to October and it is considered the best time for game viewing in the country since the day temperatures are mild and pleasant. September and October are the hottest months in hottest in the year. During this season, most of the vegetation has dried up making it easier to see wildlife. Also majority of the water sources in the national park have also become depleted and dry forcing the animals to gather around the few remaining water sources easing game viewing. at this time the parks are receiving very large numbers of tourist which increases demand on accommodation resulting into higher prices for accommodation
The Wet / Green Season
The wet season which is also regarded as the green season begins in December to April and the dry bushes of Zambia come to life again, there is plenty of water to drink and fresh pastures to eat. at this time, due to availability of resource, the animals tend to scatter all over the parks and the thick vegetation also makes game view not so good. due to the rains a number of roads especially in the remote areas become impassable and some accommodations even close.
Best time to visit the Victoria Falls
In case you are interested in visiting the spectacular Victoria fall in Zambia, you are recommended to do as just as the rainy season is coming to an end; from march to May. At that time the river is fully flooded and the water volumes making their way over the falls is large offering a very spectacular sight. Nonetheless I have to warn you that you will experience a water spray, in fact it is a common sight to see some of the tourists holing small umbrellas.
In case you visit during the dry season especially in the months of October and Novembers, you are recommended to enjoy better views of the waterfall from the Zimbabwean side, however, Activities like swimming at the Devil’s Pool and white water rafting can only be done when the water levels are lower.
WHERE TO STAY IN ZAMBIA.
The Flintstones Backpackers:
Flintstones Backpackers, formerly known as Kuomboka Backpackers is a secure modern guest house in the capital Lusaka in Zambia. They provide private rooms and three dormitories with comfortable bedding. They also provide free travel advice, laundry services, fully stocked bar, pool and a restaurant, car park and free Wi-Fi. Self-catering facilities are also available to guests. The guest house is also strategically located near landmarks like museums and restaurants and night clubs which make for a fine day out for the guests.
The LePinto Guest House:
LePinto Guest House is a small and elegant guest house situated in a tranquil area in the center of Livingstone, Zambia. The guest house offers a comfortable stay to the guests and is just a five minutes’ walk from the town center and the National Museum, and 10 minutes’ walk from the mighty Victoria Falls. Comfortable guest rooms are provided and in each a modern air-conditioning unit, flat-screen TVs with DStv, bar fridges, and tea and coffee-making facilities. The rooms are spacious and are furnished to provide a relaxing atmosphere. Free Wi-Fi Internet access ensures that you do not miss anything that matters to you. The guest house is secure behind an access-control gate.
The Prana Tented Camp:
Prana Tented Camp can be found only 15 minutes away from the immense Victoria Falls and Livingstone. However, it is further away from the town so as to provide a relaxing environment. They have beautiful water gardens, immense bird life, 50 types of indigenous trees and a swimming pool. They provide safari tents carefully positioned to ensure privacy and a very real experience of the African wildlife. Some tents can be positioned closer together in case guests prefer family settings. They offer double, twin and family tents with mosquito nets, fans and solar heated showers. Every tent is tastefully decorated for guaranteed comfort throughout the stay while still enjoying a camping experience. A trivial covered enclosure outside to each tent makes available an area to be seated and relish the wonderful bird life, watch the beautiful sunsets and look in wonder at the incredible night sky. They provide breakfast and cereals, homemade muffins and bread, coffee and tea all round security and daily cleaning staff are available.
The Flatdogs camp:
Flatdogs Camp is an affordable privately owned safari camp overlooking the Luangwa River in the South Luangwa National Park. Accommodation is provided in chalets, African safari tents and the exclusive Tree house. They have a restaurant with local and foreign cuisines, swimming pool and children’s menu in the restaurant, babysitting and listening services, open game viewing vehicles, walking safaris, and night drives.
The Camp Nkwanzi:
Camp Nkwanzi also known as called “Mopanie Lodge” sits on the banks of the mighty Zambezi River, a 20-minute drive from Livingstone. Camp Nkwanzi offers luxury Tented Chalets, Campsites and Overlander Campsites. The Luxury Tented Chalets are beautifully furnished and fitted with all the necessary amenities to guarantee comfortable relaxation. Every chalet can accommodate two adults, two children under the age of 12 years. The chalets offer twin beds and bathrooms with showers, a self-catering kitchen, and two of the chalets are conducive for Persons with Disabilities. They also provide large barbecues in all the campsites with running water, hot water. Also a restaurant, a bar, a bakery, a convenient store and a swimming pool are all available. Guests can also enjoy many activities like helicopter flights, fishing drives, game viewing, makoro boat trips on Zambezi River; elephant rides plus lion encounters, day trips to Victoria Falls and swimming in the spectacular devil’s pool
More than 40% of the Zambian population live in urban areas especially the capital city of Lusaka in the south which has 2,179,000 people in an area of 139 square miles/ 360 square kilometres. Most others live around the Copper belt Province in the Northwest. It has a population of 1,972,317 with a population density of 63 people per square kilometer. The Copper belt was the backbone of the Northern Rhodesian economy in colonial times and was also believed to shoulder the economy of the newly independent Zambian nation. However, these hopes were dashed by drop in the international copper prices. The copperbelt, which runs from the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a mountain chain which is 500 million years old and was created when the Kalahari craton collided with the Congo craton in the creation of the Gondwana supercontinent. This collision caused many minerals to be pushed up hence the copperbelt.
The name “Zambia” was derived from the river Zambezi which is one of Zambia’s main rivers. The climate is mainly tropical and the rainy season runs from October to April and the dry season from May to September. Zambia has been named one of Africa’s fastest growing economy and the capital city Lusaka is the fastest growing city and quickest urbanizing in southern Africa. The economy is mainly driven by copper and cobalt mining and processing which had dwindled in the 70s but got back on track when prices aired again in 2004. Copper was discovered by Frederick Russell Burnham who was an American scout for Cecil Rhodes. Beside copper, Zambia also exports electricity and agricultural output like tobacco, flowers, and cotton to China, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, South Korea and India amounting to more than 6.3 billion dollars a year. Agriculture is very pivotal to Zambia as it employs 85% of the workforce. The main cash crop grown is maize and it also doubles as a staple for the Zambian people. They also grow soybean, sugar, sunflower, sorghum, wheat, vegetables and fruits and rear cattle. Zambia imports from South Africa, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, China and India.
Zambia’s landscape is one of the most captivating and it brings in a lot of tourists from all over the world. Zambia is home to the largest waterfalls in the world, Victoria Falls. Victoria falls, also known as “the smoke that thunders”, is formed by rapids of the River Zambezi from Zimbabwe. River Zambezi is the fourth largest river in Africa after the River Nile, River Congo and River Niger and it runs through 6 countries; Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and Mozambique. The sprays of the falls make the Victoria Falls rainforest the only place on earth that receives rainfall 24 hours a day all year round. The falls also create beauty when the moonlight shines off them to create a rainbow called a “moonbow”. The falls is even listed as one of the seven natural wonders of the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Zambia is also the home of the largest manmade lake in the world. Lake Karina is the largest lake by volume, holding 43 cubic miles of water. It is 223 kilometres/ 140 miles long and 40 kilometres/ 20 miles wide. It has a bunch of islands on it and a rich ecosystem due to the vegetation that was burnt in preparation to filling out the lake. Zambia also has the world’s biggest mushroom which grows up to a mile in diameter.
Zambia has more than 70 ethnic groups within its borders which is very significant. However, most of the tribes stem from one of two major ethnic family’s i.e. the Khoisan who were the first inhabitants of the land and Bantu who migrated from West Africa. Consequently, the Khoisan were then absorbed or annihilated by the Bantu. Some of the major tribes in Zambia include the Bemba who are the largest ethnic group with up to 21% of the population with roots in this tribe. They are claimed to have come from the Congo Basin and entered the country through a semi mythical land called “Kola”. They were previously hunter gatherers but with the introduction of copper mine, went on to gain profusely from the industry.
The second d largest ethnic group, with 14% of Zambians, is the Tonga. The Tonga were indigenous to the country and trace their roots all the way back to 900 years living in the Zambezi valley where they still living today. The Zambezi valley was a trade hub in the medieval times and the Tonga maintained trade routes that stretched to East Africa and all the way to the Arabian Peninsula, India and China. Other tribes are the Lozi whose name “Barotse” means people of the plains and lived in the plains of Barotseland, the Ngoni who are descendants of the Ngoni and Zulu from South Africa who migrated north to escape the Shaka Zulu onslaught, the Chewa who revere their women and mark themselves with tribal tattoos, Nsaga, Tumbuka, Lala, Kaonde among others. In the 16th Century, the first contact of foreigners was recorded as Portuguese and Arabs started trading with Zambians inland. In the 18th Century, Cecil Rhodes made Northern Rhodesia a British protectorate before they gained independence on 24th October 1964 with Kenneth Kaunda as first president. This independence came four years after British Prime minister, Harold MacMillan’s famous “Winds of change” speech.